|Elizabeth I wearing a ruff|
The ruffs were pinned to the dress using an endless number of small pins. As decoration, lace was very popular among the nobility and the Queen herself. Besides for the neck, ruffs could be used as decorations for sleeves.
If you wanted to make your ruff match your gown it was possible to have the ruff coloured. This was often done by starching and dyes made from vegetables produced yellow, pink or mauve. Though it was possible to obtain a pale blue colour, Queen Elizabeth was against it which can be seen through a Royal Prerogative that she issued: "Her Majesty's pleasure is that no blue starch shall be used or worn by any of her Majesty's subjects, since blue was the colour of the flag of Scotland."
The ruff peaked in fashion during Elizabeth's reign were it was more than a foot wide and needed the so-called "underpropper" that were essential for the ruff not to fall down.
|Elizabeth I wearing an open ruff|